A Detailed Guide to TDS

TDS is the abbreviation for the term- Tax Deducted at Source. As the name suggests, it is the deduction from the source of generation of Income. It means that it is deductible by the one making the payment known as Deductor. And it is deducted from the person receiving the payment known as the Deductee.  It is an eternal source of income of Government, collect with the purpose of eliminating Tax Evasion by taxing the income at its source rather than later through the self. It further administers the duty of tax collection between the Payers and the Tax Administration.  The Income Tax Act, 1961 governs the TDS through Central Board of Direct Taxes besides the Indian Revenue Services.

The range of applicability of TDS is upto:

  • Salary- Section 192
  • Interest on Securities- Section 193
  • Dividends- Section 194
  • Interests except for Interest on Securities- Section 194-A
  • Earnings from Lotteries and Crossword Puzzles- Section 194-B
  • Payments to Contractors and Sub- Contractors- Section 194C
  • Insurance Commission- Section 194 D
  • Payment to Non-Resident Sportsmen or Sports Association- Section 194E
  • Payment in respect of NSC- Section 194EE
  • Fees on Technical and Professional Services- Section 194J
  • Payment on Compensation of certain immovable property- Section 194 LA
  • Other sums as specified under Section 195
  • Long-Term Capital Gain- Section 196 B
  • Income or Long Term Gain from Foreign Currency Bonds/ Global Repository Receipts- Section 196 C
  • Commission on Sale of Lottery Tickets- Section 194G
  • Payment in respect of repurchase of units of Mutual Funds or UTI- Section 194 F
  • Commission/Brokerage- Section 194 H
  • Rent- Section 194 I
  • On Transfer of Movable Property- Section 194 I A
  • Income of Foreign Institutional Investors from Securities- Sec 196D



Any person who is making payment with reference to the above-given sections can deduct the TDS. They are also responsible to submit it to the Government. In the case of the payments related to Section 194 A, 194C, 194H, 194I, and 194J, TDS is only chargeable if the turnover is more than 1 crore and the professional receipts go upto Rs. 25 lakhs in the previous year.

The information relating to TDS deduction from an individual is accessible through form 26AS. From the TRACES website or through the net banking account of an individual. The TDS rates chargeable for the annual year 2017-18 are:

193Interest on Securities10%
194-AInterest other than Interest on Securities10%Banking-Rs.10,000

Others- Rs. 5000

194-BWinnings from Lotteries and Crossword Puzzles30%Rs. 10,000
194-CPayments to Contractors and Sub- Contractors1% to HUF/Individual, 2% to other than Individuals/HUFRs. 30,000 per contract, Rs. 1,00,000 per annum
194-DInsurance Commission5%Rs. 15,000 per annum
194-EPayment to Non-Resident Sportsmen or Sports Association20%
194EEPayment in respect of NSC10%
194FPayment in respect of repurchase of units of Mutual Funds or UTI20%
194GCommission on Sale of Lottery Tickets10%Rs. 1000
194HCommission/Brokerage5%Rs. 15,000 per annum
194IRent10%-Land and Building

2%-Plant and Machinery

Rs. 1,80,000 per annum
194JFees on Technical and Professional Services10%Rs.30,000 per annum
194LAPayment on Compensation of certain immovable property1%Rs. 50,00,000 per annum
196BLong Term Capital Gain10%
196CIncome or Long Term Gain from Foreign Currency Bonds/ Global Repository Receipts20%
196DIncome of Foreign Institutional Investors from Securities20%


Time of Filing

If a person has his TDS Deducted at any source of income, he is liable to file TDS Return and default on this part attracts penalty under Section 234-E of the Income Tax Act, 1961. TDS returns are to be filed every quarter, i.e.,

April to June- 30th June

July to September- 30th September

October to December-31st December

January to March- 31st March

Upon Default, in payment of TDS, there is a fine of Rs. 200 per day with no maximum limit, an interest of 1.5% per month as per Section 201(A), a fine as much as the TDS amount may be levied. Further, there may be prosecuted under Section 276-B. Which the taxpayer may be subjected to a rigorous punishment of three months which may extend up to seven years with fine.


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2018-11-05T13:20:40+00:00Company Articles|